URBAN WATER SUPPLY
THE REALITY OF GHANA`S URBAN WATER SITUATION
OPERATIONAL· The Ghana Water Company Limited currently operates 84 pipe-borne systems serving urban centres (i.e. communities with over 5,000 populations).
* Total installed capacity is about 670,000 cubic metres per day.
* Current production is about 570,000 cubic metres per day as against assessed demand of 990,000 cubic metres per day.
* Therefore, effective urban water supply coverage is just 57%.
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* While the company needs to invest about $100 million per year to achieve set targets, total inflows for development per year previously amounted to ~$40 million per year but has recently dipped to about $17million/year.
About 75% of such development funding is from external support agencies while GoG contributes about 15% and GWCL the remaining 10% using proceeds from water sales
* Thus, whereas GWCL has fully prepared plans to put in place such infrastructure which can ensure 100% coverage for all urban areas through 2020, the reality is that funds inflow at current levels are inadequate to even maintain existing coverage levels due to rapid population growth.
In the early 1970s, eight out of every ten persons in urban centres in Ghana had reasonable access to potable water. This figure dropped to seven (7) by early 1990 and is now only six (6). The rate of decline is accelerating.
THE LOSS THROUGH NON-REVENUE WATER
· Non- revenue water in Ghana is about 50% of water lost through, among others, illegal connections and pipe bursts resulting from over-aged pipes some of which were installed 50 years ago.